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As of 2015, the number of exchange-traded funds worldwide is over 4000,1representing about 2.88 trillion U.S. dollars in assets.2The largest ETF, as of September 2017, was theSPDR S&P 500(NYSE ArcaSPY), with about $243.1 billion in assets. Second-largest was the iShares Core S&P 500 ETF with around $125 billion (NYSE ArcaIVV), and third-largest is the Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF (NYSE ArcaVTI) with $81.9 billion.3The SPDR S&P 500 is also the most actively traded ETF, with over 60 million shares traded daily.4

iShares Core S&P Total US Stock Mkt (NYSE ArcaITOT)

Schwab Fundamental U.S. Broad Market Index ETF (NYSE ArcaFNDB)

Vanguard Total World Stock (NYSE ArcaVT), tracks the FTSE All-World Index

Vanguard Total Stock Market (NYSE ArcaVTI), tracks the MSCI US Broad Market Index

Vanguard Total International Stock (NYSE ArcaVXUS), tracks the MSCI All Country World ex-USA Investable Market Index

Vanguard Russell 3000 (NYSE ArcaVTHR), tracks 98% of the US market

DIAMONDS Trust, Series 1 (NYSE ArcaDIA), tracks theDow Jones Industrial Average

Guggenheim S&P 500 Equal Weight (NYSE ArcaRSP)

iShares S&P Global 100 Index (NYSE ArcaIOO), tracks theS&P Global 100

iShares S&P 500 Index (NYSE ArcaIVV), tracks theS&P 500

SPDR S&P 500 (NYSE ArcaSPY), tracks theS&P 500

SPDR Gender Diversity (NYSE Arca SHE), tracks aindex

iShares Russell 2000 Index (NYSE ArcaIWM), tracks theRussell 2000

iShares S&P 100 Index (NYSE ArcaOEF), tracks theS&P 100

PowerShares QQQ (cubes) (NASDAQQQQ), tracks theNASDAQ-100

Guggenheim S&P 500 Pure Growth ETF (NYSE ArcaRPG)

Guggenheim S&P 500 Pure Value ETF (NYSE ArcaRPV)

iShares Russell 1000 Growth Index (NYSE ArcaIWF)

iShares Russell 1000 Value Index (NYSE ArcaIWD)

PowerShares S&P 500 Low Volatility (NYSE ArcaSPLV)

Schwab US Large-Cap Growth ETF (NYSE ArcaSCHG)

Schwab US Large-Cap Value ETF (NYSE ArcaSCHV)

Schwab US Dividend Equity ETF (NYSE ArcaSCHD)

Schwab Fundamental U.S. Large Company Index ETF (NYSE ArcaFNDX)

Vanguard Dividend Appreciation (NYSE ArcaVIG)

WisdomTree Dividend ex-Financials (NYSE ArcaDTN)

iShares Russell Midcap Growth Index (NYSE ArcaIWP)

iShares Russell Midcap Value Index (NYSE ArcaIWS)

iShares S&P MidCap 400 Growth Index (NYSE ArcaIJK)

iShares S&P MidCap 400 Value Index (NYSE ArcaIJJ)

Vanguard S&P Mid-Cap 400 Growth (NYSE ArcaIVOG)

Vanguard S&P Mid-Cap 400 Value (NYSE ArcaIVOV)

Vanguard Extended Market (NYSE ArcaVXF), tracks the S&P Completion Index, i.e., S&P Total Market Index minus the S&P 500 Index

WisdomTree MidCap Dividend ETF (NYSE ArcaDON)

iShares Russell 2000 Growth Index (NYSE ArcaIWO)

iShares Russell 2000 Value Index (NYSE ArcaIWN)

iShares S&P SmallCap 600 Index (NYSE ArcaIJR)

iShares S&P SmallCap 600 Growth Index (NYSE ArcaIJT)

iShares S&P SmallCap 600 Value Index (NYSE ArcaIJS)

Schwab Fundamental U.S. Small Company Index ETF (NYSE ArcaFNDA)

Vanguard S&P Small-Cap 600 Growth (NYSE ArcaVIOG)

Vanguard S&P Small-Cap 600 Value (NYSE ArcaVIOV)

EGShares Emerging Markets Consumer (NYSE ArcaECON)

iShares International Select Div (NYSE ArcaIDV)

iShares MSCI EAFE Growth Index (NYSE ArcaEFG)

iShares MSCI Emerging Markets Index (NYSE ArcaEEM)

PowerShares Intl Dividend Achievers (NYSE ArcaPID)

Schwab International Small-Cap Equity (NYSE ArcaSCHC)

Schwab Emerging Markets Equity ETF (NYSE ArcaSCHE)

Schwab International Equity ETF (NYSE ArcaSCHF)

Schwab Fundamental International Large Company Index ETF (NYSE ArcaFNDF)

Schwab Fundamental International Small Company Index ETF (NYSE ArcaFNDC)

Schwab Fundamental Emerging Markets Large Company Index ETF (NYSE ArcaFNDE)

SPDR S&P International Dividend (NYSE ArcaDWX)

Vanguard MSCI Emerging Markets (NYSE ArcaVWO)

Vanguard Total International Stock (NYSE ArcaVXUS)

Vanguard FTSE All-World ex-US Small-Cap (NYSE ArcaVSS)

WisdomTree Emerging Markets Equity Inc (NYSE ArcaDEM)

WisdomTree Emerging Mkts SmallCap Div (NYSE ArcaDGS)

iShares MSCI All Country Asia ex Jpn Idx (NASDAQAAXJ)

iShares S&P Latin America 40 Index (NYSE ArcaILF)

WisdomTree Europe Hedged Equity ETF (NYSE ArcaHEDJ)

WisdomTree Europe SmallCap Dividend (NYSE ArcaDFE)

Global X FTSE Nordic Region ETF (NYSE ArcaGXF)

iShares MSCI Switzerland Capped (NYSE ArcaEWL)

iShares MSCI United Kingdom Index (NYSE ArcaEWU)

WisdomTree Japan Hedged Equity (NYSE ArcaDXJ)

iShares FTSE/Xinhua China 25 Index (NYSE ArcaFXI)

iShares MSCI Philippines Index (NYSE ArcaEPHE)

iShares MSCI South Korea Index (NYSE ArcaEWY)

Global X FTSE Argentina 20 ETF (NYSE ArcaARGT)

Global X Brazil Financials ETF (NYSE ArcaBRAF)

Sector ETFs may track sector-based indexes or simply correspond to a basket of companies thought to be representative of a specific market sector.

Consumer Discretionary Select Sector SPDR (NYSE ArcaXLY)

iShares Dow Jones US Consumer Services (NYSE ArcaIYC)

Vanguard Consumer Discretionary (NYSE ArcaVCR)

Consumer Staples Select Sector SPDR (NYSE ArcaXLP)

iShares Dow Jones US Consumer Goods (NYSE ArcaIYK)

iShares North American Natural Resources (NYSE ArcaIGE)

Market Vectors Oil Services ETF (NYSE ArcaOIH)

SPDR S&P Oil & Gas Explor & Prod ETF (NYSE ArcaXOP)

iShares Dow Jones US Financial (NYSE ArcaIYF)

First Trust Health Care AlphaDEX (NYSE ArcaFXH)

First Trust NYSE Arca Biotech Index (NYSE ArcaFBT)

Health Care Select Sector SPDR (NYSE ArcaXLV)

iShares Dow Jones US Health Care (NYSE ArcaIYH)

PowerShares Dynamic Pharmaceuticals (NYSE ArcaPJP)

iShares Dow Jones US Industrial (NYSE ArcaIYJ)

iShares Dow Jones US Materials (NYSE ArcaIYM)

Market Vectors Gold Miners ETF (NYSE ArcaGDX)

Market Vectors Junior Gold Miners ETF (NYSE ArcaGDXJ)

First Trust Dow Jones Internet Index (NYSE ArcaFDN)

iShares Dow Jones US Technology (NYSE ArcaIYW)

iShares North American Tech-Software (NYSE ArcaIGV)

Vanguard Information Technology (NYSE ArcaVGT)

iShares Dow Jones US Telecommunications (NYSE ArcaIYZ)

Vanguard Telecommunication Services (NYSE ArcaVOX)

iShares Dow Jones US Utilities (NYSE ArcaIDU)

SPDR S&P International Consumer Discretionary (NYSE ArcaIPD)

iShares S&P Global Consumer Discretionary (NYSE ArcaRXI)

SPDR S&P International Consumer Staples (NYSE ArcaIPS)

iShares S&P Global Consumer Staples (NYSE ArcaKXI)

SPDR S&P International Financial (NYSE ArcaIPF)

SPDR S&P International Health Care (NYSE ArcaIRY)

SPDR S&P International Industrial (NYSE ArcaIPN)

FlexShares Mstar Gbl Upstrm Nat Res ETF (NYSE ArcaGUNR)

SPDR S&P International Materials (NYSE ArcaIRV)

SPDR S&P International Technology (NYSE ArcaIPK)

SPDR S&P International Telecommunications (NYSE ArcaIST)

iShares S&P Global Telecommunications (NYSE ArcaIXP)

SPDR S&P International Utilities (NYSE ArcaIPU)

AdvisorSharesPeritus High Yield ETF (NYSE ArcaHYLD)

FlexShares iBoxx 3Yr Target Dur TIPS ETF (NYSE ArcaTDTT)

iShares 3-7 Year Treasury Bond (NYSE ArcaIEI)

iShares Barclays 1-3 Year Treasury Bond (NYSE ArcaSHY)

iShares iBoxx $ High Yield Corp Bond (NYSE ArcaHYG)

iShares iBoxx $ Invest Grade Corp Bond (NYSE ArcaLQD)

iShares Barclays 7-10 Year Treasury (NYSE ArcaIEF)

iShares Barclays 20+ Year Treas Bond (NYSE ArcaTLT)

iShares Intermediate Credit Bd (NYSE ArcaCIU)

iShares Intm Government/Credit Bond (NYSE ArcaGVI)

iShares JPMorgan USD Emerg Markets Bond (NYSE ArcaEMB)

iShares National AMT-Free Muni Bond (NYSE ArcaMUB)

Market Vectors High-Yield Muni ETF (NYSE ArcaHYD)

PIMCO 0-5 Year High Yld Corp Bd Idx ETF (NYSE ArcaHYS)

PIMCO 1-5 Year US TIPS Index ETF (NYSE ArcaSTPZ)

PIMCO Enhanced Short Maturity ETF (NYSE ArcaMINT)

PowerShares Emerging Mkts Sovereign Debt (NYSE ArcaPCY)

Schwab Short-Term US Treasury (NYSE ArcaSCHO)

Schwab Intermediate-Term US Treasury (NYSE ArcaSCHR)

SPDR BarCap ST High Yield Bond ETF (NYSE ArcaJNK)

SPDR Barclays 1-3 Month T-Bill (NYSE ArcaBIL)

SPDR Barclays Capital Convertible Secs (NASDAQCWB)

SPDR Barclays Capital High Yield Bond ETF (NYSE ArcaJNK)

SPDR Barclays Capital Short Term Corp Bd (NYSE ArcaSCPB)

SPDR Barclays International Treasury Bd (NYSE ArcaBWX)

SPDR Barclays Short Term Hi Yld Bd ETF (NYSE ArcaSJNK)

SPDR Nuveen Barclays Capital Muni Bond (NYSE ArcaTFI)

SPDR Nuveen Barclays Capital S/T Muni Bd (NYSE ArcaSHM)

Vanguard Extended Duration Treasury (NYSE ArcaEDV)

Vanguard Intermediate-Term Bond (NYSE ArcaBIV)

Vanguard Intermediate-Term Corporate Bond (NYSE ArcaVCIT)

Vanguard Intermediate-Term Government Bond (NYSE ArcaVGIT)

Vanguard Long-Term Corporate Bond (NYSE ArcaVCLT)

Vanguard Long-Term Government Bond (NYSE ArcaVGLT)

Vanguard Mortgage-Backed Securities (NYSE ArcaVMBS)

Vanguard Short-Term Corporate Bond (NYSE ArcaVCSH)

Vanguard Short-Term Government Bond (NYSE ArcaVGSH)

Vanguard Shrt-Term Infl-Prot Sec Idx ETF (NASDAQVTIP)

Commodity ETFs, also known as exchange-traded commodities (ETCs), track a commodity index or a specific commodity. This is often via commodity futures. These fall into four general categories, agricultural, which includes livestock and softs; energy resources; industrial materials; and precious metals. The most popular precious metals ETFs hold physical stocks of the metal rather than futures.

ELEMENTS Rogers International Commodity Index ETN (NYSE ArcaRJI)

iPath Dow Jones-UBS Commodity Idx TR ETN (NYSE ArcaDJP)

iShares S&P GSCI Commodity-Indexed Trust (NYSE ArcaGSG)

PowerShares DB Commodity Idx Trking Fund (NYSE ArcaDBC)

ELEMENTS Rogers Agriculture ETN (NYSE ArcaRJA)

iPath Dow Jones-UBS Agriculture ETN (NYSE ArcaJJA)

iPath Dow Jones-UBS Crude Oil ETN (NYSE ArcaOIL)

iPath Dow Jones-UBS Natural Gas ETN (NYSE ArcaGAZ)

United States Natural Gas Fund (NYSE ArcaUNG)

iPath Dow Jones-UBS Industrial Metals ETN (NYSE ArcaJJM)

iPath Dow Jones-UBS Copper ETN (NYSE ArcaJJC)

Main articles:Gold exchange-traded fundandSilver exchange-traded fund

ETFS Physical Swiss Gold Shares (NYSE ArcaSGOL)

ETFS Physical Palladium Shares (NYSE ArcaPALL)

ETFS Physical Platinum Shares (NYSE ArcaPPLT)

iShares Cohen & Steers Realty Majors (NYSE ArcaICF)

iShares Dow Jones Asia Real Estate (NYSE ArcaIFAS)

iShares Dow Jones Europe Real Estate (NYSE ArcaIFEU)

iShares Dow Jones North America Real Estate (NYSE ArcaIFNA)

iShares Dow Jones US Real Estate (NYSE ArcaIYR)

iShares Mortgage Real Estate Capped (NYSE ArcaREM)

SPDR Dow Jones Global Real Estate (NYSE ArcaRWO)

SPDR Dow Jones Intl Real Estate (NYSE ArcaRWX)

Vanguard Global ex-US Real Estate (NYSE ArcaVNQI)

Typically ETFs track an index. Using a combination of options, futures, and swaps some firms have designed ETFs capable of tracking approximately 1x, 2x, 2x, 3x and 3x the daily returns of an index. 3x and 3x ETFs were first released on November 8, 2008 by Direxion Funds. These funds are structured in a sophisticated way, and due to their extreme volatility they may not be appropriate vehicles for the casual investor.5(Note that obtaining 2x the daily returns for one year does not imply that one will receive double the annual returns of an index).citation neededOn August 18, 2009 theU.S. Securities and Exchange Commissionissued a warning to investors that leveraged exchange-traded funds could lead to big losses even if the market index or benchmark they track shows a gain.6

Short ETFsenable investors to profit from declines in an underlying index without directlyselling shortany securities. Investors who think an index will decline purchase shares of the short ETF that tracks the index, and the shares increase or decrease in value inversely with the index, that is to say that if the value of the underlying index goes down, then the value of the short ETF shares goes up, and vice versa. Some popular short ETFs include:

The following ETFs are good examples of Leveraged ETFs:

Direxion Daily Mid Cap Bull 3x ETF (NYSE ArcaMIDU) – tracks 3x the S&P MidCap 400 Index

Direxion Daily S&P 500 Bull 2x ETF (NYSE ArcaSPUU) – tracks 2x the S&P 500 Index

Direxion Daily S&P 500 Bull 3x ETF (NYSE ArcaSPXL) – tracks 3x the S&P 500 Index

Direxion Financials Bull 3x ETF (NYSE ArcaFAS) – tracks XLF or RIFIN

Direxion Large Cap Bull 3x (NYSE ArcaBGU) tracks 3x the Russell 1000 Index

Direxion Small Cap Bull 3x (NYSE ArcaTNA) tracks 3x the Russell 2000 Index

ProShares Ultra Dow 30 (NYSE ArcaDDM) tracks 2x the Dow Jones Industrial Average

ProShares Ultra NASDAQ-100 (NYSE ArcaQLD) tracks 2x the NASDAQ-100 Index

ProShares Ultra Russell 2000 (NYSE ArcaUWM) tracks 2x the Russell 2000 Index

ProShares Ultra S&P 500 (NYSE ArcaSSO) tracks 2x the S&P 500 Index

ProShares S&P 500 3x (NYSE ArcaUPRO) tracks 3x the S&P 500 Index

The following funds are both short and leveraged:

ProShares S&P 500 Direxionshares Bear 3x ETF (NYSE ArcaSPXU)

Direxion Russell 2000 Direxionshares Bear 3x ETF (NYSE ArcaTZA)

UltraShort NASDAQ-100 ProShares 2X (NYSE ArcaQID)

UltraShort Financials ProShares (NYSE ArcaSKF)

UltraShort Russell 2000 ProShares (NYSE ArcaTWM)

UltraShort Real Estate ProShares (NYSE ArcaSRS)

UltraShort MidCap 400 ProShares (NYSE ArcaMZZ)

UltraShort Oil & Gas ProShares (NYSE ArcaDUG)

Direxion Large Cap Bear 3x ETF (NYSE ArcaBGZ)

Direxion Financials Bear 3x ETF (NYSE ArcaFAZ) – tracks the inverse of XLF or RIFIN

ETFs can be asset allocation funds, which include different asset classes rather than just one. They are usually, but not exclusively, implemented using afund-of-fundsstructure. The most common ones use fixed strategies, which can be described with terms like aggressive or conservative, denoting more in stocks and more in bonds, respectively. Other ones may have atarget-datestrategy where the allocation changes over time.

An example of such an ETF is the Russell Investments OneFund (NYSE ArcaONEF), which is composed of nine ETFs (Vanguard and iShares ETFs). Another is theAdvisorSharesCambria Global Tactical ETF (NYSE ArcaGTAA). A lineup of Target Date ETFs is offered by iShares (e.g., iShares S&P Target Date 2040 Index Fund; NYSE ArcaTZV).

There are currently 91 US-based ETFs that are not index-based but rather actively managed.

AdvisorShares WCM/BNY Mellon Focused Growth ADR ETF (NYSE ArcaAADR)

AdvisorShares Accuvest Global Opportunities ETF (NYSE ArcaACCU)

AdvisorShares Accuvest Global Long Short ETF (NYSE ArcaAGLS)

AdvisorShares Pring Turner Business Cycle ETF (NYSE ArcaDBIZ)

AdvisorShares Madrona Global Bond ETF (NYSE ArcaFWDB)

AdvisorShares Madrona Domestic ETF (NYSE ArcaFWDD)

AdvisorShares Madrona International ETF (NYSE ArcaFWDI)

AdvisorShares Gartman Gold/Euro ETF (NYSE ArcaGEUR)

AdvisorShares Gartman Gold/British Pound ETF (NYSE ArcaGGBP)

AdvisorShares Global Echo ETF (NYSE ArcaGIVE)

AdvisorShares International Gold ETF (NYSE ArcaGLDE)

AdvisorShares Gartman Gold/Yen ETF (NYSE ArcaGYEN)

AdvisorShares Cambria Global Tactical ETF (NYSE ArcaGTAA)

AdvisorShares Ranger Equity Bear ETF (NYSE ArcaHDGE)

AdvisorShares Athena International Bear ETF (NYSE ArcaHDGI)

AdvisorShares Sage Core Reserves ETF (NYSE ArcaHOLD)

AdvisorShares Peritus High Yield ETF (NYSE ArcaHYLD)

AdvisorShares Meidell Tactical Advantage ETF (NYSE ArcaMATH)

AdvisorShares Newfleet Multi-Sector Income ETF (NYSE ArcaMINC)

AdvisorShares QAM Equity Hedge ETF (NYSE ArcaQEH)

AdvisorSharesTrimTabsFloat Shrink ETF (NYSE ArcaTTFS)

AdvisorShares STAR Global Buy-Write ETF (NYSE ArcaVEGA)

ARK Invest Disruptive Innovation ETFs9

Columbia Intermediate Municipal Bond ETF (NYSE ArcaGMMB)

Columbia Select Large Cap Value ETF (NYSE ArcaGVT)

Columbia Select Large Cap Growth ETF (NYSE ArcaRWG)

First Trust North American Energy Infrastructure Fund (NYSE ArcaEMLP)

First Trust Managed Municipal ETF (NYSE ArcaFMB)

First TrustMorningstarManaged Futures Strategy Fund (NYSE ArcaFMF)

First Trust Preferred Securities and Income ETF (NYSE ArcaFPE)

First Trust Global Tactical Commodity Strategy Fund (NYSE ArcaFTGS)

First Trust Low Beta Income ETF (NYSE ArcaFTLB)

First Trust Tactical High Yield ETF (NYSE ArcaHYLS)

iShares Enhanced International Large-Cap ETF (NYSE ArcaIEIL)

iShares Enhanced International Small-Cap ETF (NYSE ArcaIEIS)

iShares Enhanced U.S. Large-Cap ETF (NYSE ArcaIELG)

iShares Enhanced U.S. Small-Cap ETF (NYSE ArcaIESM)

iShares Short Maturity Bond ETF (NYSE ArcaNEAR)

PIMCO Build America Bond Strategy (NYSE ArcaBABZ)

PIMCO Foreign Currency Strategy ETF (NYSE ArcaFORX)

PIMCO Global Advantage Inflation-Linked Bond Strategy (NYSE ArcaILB)

PIMCO Enhanced Short Duration ETF (NYSE ArcaMINT)

PIMCO Intermediate Muni Bond Strategy ETF (NYSE ArcaMUNI)

PIMCO Short Term Muni Bond Strategy ETF (NYSE ArcaSMMU)

PowerShares China-A Share Portfolio (NYSE ArcaCHNA)

PowerShares Multi-Strategy Alternative Portfolio (NYSE ArcaLALT)

S&P 500 Downside Hedged Portfolio (NYSE ArcaPHDG)

Active U.S. Real Estate Fund ETF (NYSE ArcaPSR)

SPDR SSgA Multi-Asset Real Return (NYSE ArcaRLY)

SPDRMFSSystematic Core Equity ETF (NYSE ArcaSYE)

SPDRMFSSystematic Growth Equity ETF (NYSE ArcaSYG)

SPDRMFSSystematic Value Equity ETF (NYSE ArcaSYV)

SPDRBlackstone/GSO Senior Loan ETF (NYSE ArcaSRLN)

SPDR SSgA Ultra Short Term Bond ETF (NYSE ArcaULST)

WisdomTree Australia & New Zealand Debt Fund (NYSE ArcaAUNZ)

WisdomTreeDreyfusBrazilian Real Fund (NYSE ArcaBZF)

WisdomTreeDreyfusEmerging Currency (NYSE ArcaCEW)

WisdomTree Strategic Corporate Bond Fund (NYSE ArcaCRDT)

WisdomTree Emerging Markets Local Debts Fund (NYSE ArcaELD)

WisdomTree Emerging Markets Corporate Bond Fund (NYSE ArcaEMCB)

WisdomTreeBloombergU.S. Dollar Bullish Fund (NYSE ArcaUSDU)

WisdomTree Managed Futures Strategy Fund (NYSE ArcaWDTI)

Number of Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) worldwide from 2003 to 2015

Development of assets of global Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) from 2003 to 2015 (in billion U.S. dollars)

Yates, Tristan (2007-05-17).The Case Against Leveraged ETFs.

SEC warns investors on leveraged ETF holdings.

Russell Equity ETF. Archived fromthe originalon 2013-12-20.

Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015

This page was last edited on 1 May 2019, at 02:29

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